Historical Background of GunungKidul Tourism
1. Pindul Cave
Pindul cave is located in Gelaran, Bejiharjo, Karangmojo, GunungKidul. Pindul come from a story of Ki Juru Mertani and Ki ageng Pemanahan’s under way who has a mandatory from Panembatan Senopati (king of Mataram Kingdom) to take life a son of Mangir Wonoboyo (Senopati’s daughter) from Mangiran, Bantul. But in that way, both of abdi dalem (person who had work in Mataram Kingdom as servant) compromised to save that baby and went to East-ward (Gunungkidul) till they arrived in Karangmojo.
At that place, both of servant rolled out a carpet and baby’s bad that used to bear (a child), then they buried it. That village named Gelaran. Meanwhile that baby was crying, both of servants tried to bathe him. Ki Juru Mertani walked up and treaded the top of hill, with his divine power. The land which treaded had collapse and it was product a great hole with watercourse underneath and then he took that baby and bathed him in that cave of hole. When the baby was bathing, his chick collided (Javanese: Kebendhul) with a stone in it. Base of this story, that cave had named Pindul cave.
Pindul cave was legalized as nature tourist area by Sumpeno Putro (the late), former of Gunungkidul’s regent on October, 10, 2010.
2. Old volcano of Nglanggeran (Gunung Api Purba Nglanggeran)
Nglanggeran came from word ‘Pelanggaran’(infraction), it was occur if somebody had done an infraction or wickedness (Javanese words: nerak angger-angger) would be punished.
Nglanggeran Mountain was a top of Merapi Mountain. As the story goes, Raden Hanoman that had a shape liked a white ape played in the night and wanted to get star in the sky. Then he treaded the yop of Merapi, but he could not pick it up so he got angry and kicked the top of this mountain (Javanese word: dipancal). The hunk of the stone was catched by Punokawan (doer or actors in wayang’s story, they were: Semar, Gareng, Petruk, Bagong), but the stone was very weight, it made their feet stepped on the land that caused water which came out and became flowing spring. That water source was shaped like “dandang” (an equipment to cook rice) and took place in Kemadang and well known as “Sendang” (river). The hunk of stone was planned would be taken into southern that used Jarak wood (kind of Javanese wood). In the middle way, that wood was broken and the stone fell down in Nglanggeran, so it called Nglanggeran Mountain in sub district of Patuk, Gunungkidul.
It placed in Batur agung, with height around 200 – 700 meters above sea level in the high with average temperature 23 – 27o c, 20 km distance from Wonosari and 25 km from Yogyakarta. There are two ways to go there with asphalt pavement: from wonosari, walked along the ‘Bundaran’(round about) Sambipitu, turn right onto Bobung village/ Mask handicraft, and goes to Nglanggeran village (Pendopo Joglo Kalisong/Nglanggeran Mountain). From Yogyakarta: Bukit Bintang Patuk, GCD radio, turn left about 7 km (on the way Ngoro – Oro, location of stations Transmissions), walked to Nglanggeran village.
3. Jomblang Cave
Jomblang cave is located in Jetis Wetan, Pacerejo, Semanu, Gunungkidul. It is about 8 km East-ward of Wonosari or 50 km South-Easter of Yogyakarta. This cave is one of 400s caves in Gunungkidul wild-karst. It is a vertical cave with 80 meters that linking up with Grubug cave.
To trace this cave, the tracer needs Single Rope Technique (SRT) or use one string as the track to claim up and down in vertical field.
This 50 m of diameters cave was traced for first time by Acintyacunyata Speleological Club (ASC) in 1984’s, it is a group of cave adventurer from Yogyakarta. According to people in this village,Grubug cave is in North of Jomlang cave, it had a historical background as murdered place by member of Indonesian Communism Party (PKI).
This background made people fear for long times and no one wanted to trace it. As the story goes some people tried to enter and they were lost. In 1990’s, people in that village had done some ritual in this cave, and since this time, there are not any tracers whom lost. To get the bottom of the cave is tiring and difficult. But in the path of 500 m into Grubug, there will be a beautiful view of ray (at 11.00 – 14.00 / 11 Am – 2 PM). In the bottom of cave there are many trees and in the part of wall-lime isovergrown by ‘perdu’ (clump).
4. Kalisuci Cave
There is water-source that located in river flow and this water still pure although the rain comes, so this place called ‘Kalisuci’(clean river). This water-source in the past time was the only one for human in that place to completed their needed such as; drink, bath, wash, etc. without boiling processed. This water was safety to consume. As the story goes, the ‘sesepuh’ (elder in that place who believed had a supernatural power) could cure some illness although there was no one driving the truth.
Kalisuci is famous with cave tubing. This adventure is fusing a caving and body rafting. The adventure is started from water-course arrived in the niche of Kalisuci and Gelatik caves. The ray will be passed away and move to dark area, and the only light came from head-lamp.Active Stalactites which has seen in that cave dropped water, and some of them crystallize,another view in that cave is stalagmite and the ecosystem such as: cave bats, fishes, spiders, in there. The beautiful cave and cool water become perfect merger of nature. This exotic view and real adventure will make unforgettable moment.
5. Jlamprong Cave
Jlamprong cave wastaken from the name of invisible tiger that lived in this cave and kept byKyaiJayengrono “IngkangBaureksa” (elder person who had supernatural power). It islocated in village tourism Mojo, Mojo, Ngeposari, Semanu, Gunungkidul. It is about 8 km from Wonosari Eats-ward. The prominent icon of Mojo is ‘watuukir’ (graving-ston). If we went to this village, there would be faced many graving-stone houses or ornaments from it. Besides graving-stone, in Mojo there are caves such as Gesing, Jlamprong, and Sinden that will become adventure tourism; they are underground cave with different phenomenon.
In Jlamprong cave, the adventure will be challenged with dark zone and smell of bets’ muck, bets itself that passes in uncontrolled course, also stalactites and stalagmites which very beauty.
The most interesting from this cave is the big stalactite named “Soko Guru” or some people called this wishing rock. They believes that this stalactite is compatible place to meditation (Javanese words:NgalapBerkah), someone who has washed his or her face with the water which fell down from the stalactite every hope will come true.
Caving will be end in Sinden cave, because Jlamprong and Sinden are in the one track, like a tunnel. Sinden cave stores water resources and store warm water that uses for meditation.As the story goes,the cave used by people to find wisdom from meditation for 40 days and 40 nights to be a famous “sinden”(singer that sing Javanese song). So this cave named Sinden cave.
6. Bobung Village tourism
Bobung village is located in Putat, Patuk,GunungKidul. It is about 10 km onto Westward of Wonosarior 30 km onto East-ward of Yogyakarta. This place is famous as central handicraft of wood-Batik (batik kayu).
The history of this handicraft has been believes since SunanKalijaga (Islamic Icon in Java). At the first time, the handicraft in Bobung started from Wood-mask needed for dancer in Mask-dance “TariTopengPanji” that amended in this village since 1960. Panji dance had created by Kalijaga as a medium for missionize Islam. This dance is always shown to tourist.
The shape of mask likes Wayang’s characters, which are the eyes that pull in up, pointed nose, with Batik pattern make more aesthetic. Then people in this region became craftsmen since mid-1980. Their works come out into global market.
7. Jelok Village tourism
Village of Archipelago (Kampung Nusantara) is a concept tourism and non-formal education community. It is located in Jelok, Beji, Patuk, GunungKidul. It is about 15 km westward of wonosari. This place serves exotic of nature like wet rice field that looks green and fresh. Also sound of water from Oya River, it will make tourists enjoy the “kano” (boat) in the river.
This village more exotic and excellent because of the drawbridge that put overhung the river.
This village also gives non-formal education service community for children in that place, they learn about engage in farming, singing, dancing, and drawing.The teachers come from many personal-backgrounds that unsalaried because the aim is to help a process of education.
Activities such as art and other cultures, which serve in this village, it is interesting like clean the ‘oya’ river and Rasulan (kind of traditional activities in Gunungkidul). The ‘Bersihaklioya’ (cleaned river) had been done for 100 years.
8. Sri Gethuk water fall
Sri Gethuk water fall is located in Menggoran near RancangKencono cave in separate about 750 m. the adventure can be done by walksor with vehicles. Sri Gethuk water fall is famous with named ‘Slempret’ because in block Slempret, it is attractive because of a steeply sloping side about 50 m high and wet rice field that never dry also the topography hills that grown many coconut trees. In that location there are three water-sources: Dong poh, Ngandong, and Ngumpul with debt average 30-60 l/s. in this adventure, the tourists can walk for 450 m and get down with 96 ladder-steps. But there is a facility also for tourist that is a traditional boat “gethek”.
The name of Slempret had a legend; it came from word “slompret” (trumpet). As a story goes, that this place was a center of invisible being that headed by Jin AnggoMenduro. This invisible being liked many arts, it proved in this place because sometimes would be heard a sound (Javanese word: pandulon). This sound came from water fall but this sound would disappear if somebody approached it. The most dominant from that sound was trumpet or “slompret” and became Slempretwaret fall because it was located in Slempret.
As the same story, this water fall had true name “srigethuk” because Jin AnggaManduro liked Drum-band and Gamelan (kind of Javanese musical instrument). In the legend of Gamelan, somebody who had supernatural power could borrow that instrument for ‘tabuan’ (a section in gamelan ShowTime). There were some places to storage AnggoMenduro’sGamelan; they were in srigethuk and Mergangsan. The Mergangsan was located under Oya River; this place was used to storage Gongso or Gamelan. Then Sri Gethuk was located in water fall, it was called Sri Gethuk because AnggoMenduro used this place to storage instrument “Kethuk”(kind of Gamelan Instrument). Now, this water fall called Sri Gethuk.